National Optic Fibre Backbone (NOFBI)

The National Optic Fibre Backbone (NOFBI) is a project aimed at ensuring connectivity in all the 47 counties of Kenya. The implementation of this project aims to ease communication across counties as well as improve government service delivery to the citizens such as application of national identity cards, passports and registration of birth and death certificates.  The project is being implemented in 2 phases: NOFBI Phase 1 and NOFBI Phase 2


NOFBI Phase 1, 2007; NOFBI Phase 2, 2014


Government of Kenya and the Chinese Government (funding); Ministry of ICT (oversight); ICT Authority (implementing agency); Huawei (building a national fiber optic infrastructure); Telkom Kenya (operations and maintenance)

NOFBI Phase 1 cable: 4,300km

NOFBI Phase 2 cable: 2,100km

View map of the NOFBI network

NOFBI Phase 1

Phase 1 of the project was completed in 2009 and established a National Optic Fibre Backbone Infrastructure with access points in most of the district headquarters and some border towns. Fibre backbone passes through 58 towns in 35 counties across Kenya with 4,300 km cable.

NOFBI Phase 1 is already in use in the national government, and in firms such as Telkom, Safaricom, Jamii Telecom and KENET, utilising more than 3,000km of the cable.

NOFBI Phase 2

NOFBI Phase 2 was to further increase the coverage and safety protection of the existing transmission network, so as to enable the local government departments of the 47 counties to form an efficient transmission network with the central government. The construction of NOFBI Phase 2 began in September 2014. 

The second phase will build 1,600km of fiber linking all the 47 county headquarters and an additional 500 km dedicated for military use. Specifically:

  • Project to cover  all 47 County Headquarters
  • Will provide Last Mile Fibre Connectivity to County Headquarters
  • Will also provide network redundancy for NOFBI  Phase 1 links

To date:

  • 1,200km out of the 1,600km civil works are completed.
  • 900km of fibre has been laid in the backbone section.
  • The backbone section is now complete and fibre installed in all the 47 counties (Kajiado County fibre in NOFBI I was damaged by road construction) and capacity to connect Kajiado County HQ will be sourced from other operators whose fibre is along the power line to Namanga
  • Metropolitan fibre civil works has been completed in 35 of 47 counties.

There is also an added component to the project, which will see the Kenya and South Sudan governments undertake to implement the optic fiber cable system as part of the eastern Africa regional transport, trade and development facilitation project.  The project will improve the movement of goods and people along the Lesseru-Nadapal/Nakodok Road in the North Western part of Kenya, and enhance internet connectivity by construction of a fibre optic cable network, alongside the road corridor, from Nadapal/Nakodok to Lesseru in Eldoret.

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